Jaigarh fort is one of the top tourist spot of Jaipur. It is located on Eagles hill (Cheel ka Teela) of Aravali range and spread in large area which is 3 km in length and 1 km wide. It is located in Amer town which is sub-urban area of Jaipur and approx 12 km from city center. Region around Jaipur was initially ruled from Amer and Amer Fort was the residence of ruling family. Jaigarh fort was established as the military post for guarding this region and Amer fort as well. You can see the security wall running on the nearby hills having multiple watch posts.
This fort is situated on the higher elevation than that of Amer Fort so that every unwanted activity in Amer can be checked from Jaigarh Fort. There was also a provision to escape from the Amer Palace to Jaigarh Fort through a small connecting tunnel during the emergency.
There are two ancient Hindu temple one is Ram Harihar temple belong to 10th century and the Kal Bhairav temple of 12th century. There is also a small garden of square shape developed in the fort complex.
Interesting facts about Jaigarh Fort
It was mainly a military base of Amer region so making it strong was the main focus rather than its beautification. So you cant compare it with ornamented palace of Amer Palace but it was strong enough to withstand again any attack.
Rain water harvesting system
It is located on higher elevation of Eagles hill and thats why there was permanent scarcity of water. This fort was built with a nice drainage system. These people were great engineer, they have made many smaller drain connecting to a main channel. Finally that water come to underground two water tanks located in the main courtyard of the fort. One tank is covered which was for drinking water and other open tank was used for bath and other miscellaneous purpose.
Even today you can see the effectiveness of this great drainage system and still these water tank are in use.
Hidden treasure of Jaigarh Fort
There was a rumour that this fort had a hidden treasure belongs to Kachwahas. That belief was so strong that even, Indian Prime minister Indira Gandhi had given ordered to search the fort. The search was carried out with metal detectors but after continues search of three months the Income Tax department was empty hand.
It is main attraction or wonder of this fort, This fort is proud of having world’s biggest cannon on wheel and named it Jaiwara or Jaivana. Barrel of this cannon is 20 feet in length and 50 tonnes heavy. This cannon has a capacity to fire 50 kg fire ball to 35 km. Now, this cannon is covered with tin shed to protect it from weather conditions and still it look like newly made.
Cannon foundry (Top Khana) at Jaigarh Fort
There was a cannon foundry within the fort and this huge cannon also been manufactured in this cannon foundry during the time of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Even today you can see the chambers where all this manufacturing process have been done. For making bore in cast barrel 4 pair of oxen were used to rotate a gear system. you can also see the place where meting of metal used to be done.
There is a small museum in the fort which display various artifacts, dresses and amours like swords, shields, guns and a 50 kg cannon ball. There is also a gallery of old photographs showing the royal life style of Maharaja Sawai Bhawani Singh and Major General Man Singh II . There is some photograph of their army life because they both served in Indian Army .
Apart from all these engineering and historical fact this is great location from where you can see the best view of surroundings. You can see Aravali range spread in several miles, top view of the Amer Fort and Maotha Lake.
How to reach Jaigarh Fort
Jaigarh Fort is connected with Amer Fort with a steep path of around 1 km, it took approx half hour to reach from Amer fort. There is another path that directly connect to Jaigarh fort and can be reach by private vehicle.