Literal meaning of Deoghar is ‘Adobe of God’. The city is home of Baidyanath Dham or Baba Dham, which is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga ( The most sacred temples belongs to Lord Shiva). So, the city is mainly famous for its religious tourism. Thousands of devotee visit this place daily from across the country.
According to Hindu mythological scripture, The Lanka king Ravana had worshiped God Shiva at this place for getting supreme power. Even to please God Shiva, Ravana offered his ten head as sacrifice. Every time Ravana cut his head, God appeared as a doctor and cured him. Because God Shiva himself act as a doctor ( Vaidhya) at this place, this place got its name Vaidyanath / Baidyanath Dham. So, many visitors come here for the relief from their suffering/disease.
About the Baba Dham temple
Here in Deoghar, it is a large complex where main temple belong to Shiva along with other 21 temple dedicated to other God and Goddess are existed. Main temple of Shiva/ Baidyanath is the largest among all and having a height of 72 feet. Its architecture resembles to a white Lotus . Original date of its construction is unknown but some believe that the temple is very ancient and once Rama king of Ayodhya also visited this place. Top of the temple have Gold Chhatra ( umbrella vessel) which was donated by Raja Puran Singh, Maharaja of Gidhaur. You will get to know about these donation from the photos displaying on the walls of chamber where from you get entry into main temple.
There are various other temple but among them Parvati temple is most significant. It is also believe that same place is also one of the 51 Shakti Peetha where heart of Sati fell. Top of main temple and of Parvati temple tied up with numerous red sacred thread which is symbol of their unity at this place. So, this temple also attract to newly wed couples who believes visiting this temple will make their relationship strong and everlasting.
Tips for the visitors
The whole city evolved around Baba Dham on theme of religious tourism. For staying there are various budget hotel along with number of Dharmshala belongs to one or another Pandas.
There are number of Dharamshala nearby the temple and if you are in a group, you can opt for that. Staying in these Dharamshala is more economical but with limited facility and most of these have four bedded room. Don’t forget to take your blanket if you have plan in winter. There are various budget restaurants near these Dharamshala to cater your hunger, they offer food on very low prices.
Most of the year this place attract huge crowd. So, its batter to get up early for the easy access to the main temple else you have to face long queue. For making queue there is 2 floor structure connected with a elevated path of 400 meter length that lead to main temple. Due to much of crowd it become hard even to get a glimpse of Linga in the sanctum of main temple.
If you don’t want to stand in queue for long, you can easily find some Panda who will help you to enter in the mid of long queue in exchange of some money. There is also facility of VIP Darshan which cost Rs. 500/- that shorten your distance just 50 meter.
Deoghar is also famous for its Peda (sweet prepared from milk). Almost every shop nearby temple have Peda on its counter.
How to reach Baba Dham Deoghar
Air : Deoghar does not have direct connectivity with flights. The two most nearest domestic airports lies at Patna (Bihar) and Ranchi (Jharkhand), both are equally distant around 270 km from Deoghar.
Rail: Although Deoghar have a railway station but Jasidih Junction(JSME) which 7 km from Deoghar is the main key point to reach Deoghar. Jasidih lies on Patna-Howrah route and almost all train of this route have stoppage here. You will get plenty of Auto rickshaw from station to reach Baba Dham that will charge Rs. 100/- for full auto.
Road: Deoghar is well connected with road network . There are regular bus service available from Patna Ranchi, Jamshedpur and other important city of Bihar, Jharkhand. Most of the long route Buses run in night.
For various other information of Deoghar/Baba Dham you can go to official website of Temple Management