Sariska Tiger Reserve is a national park and tiger reserve located in the Alwar district of the state of Rajasthan, India. The topography of the protected area comprises scrub-thorn arid forests, rocky landscapes, dry deciduous forests, rocks, grasses and hilly cliffs. This area was a hunting preserve of the Alwar state and it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955. It was given the status of a tiger reserve making it a part of India’s Project Tiger in 1978. The wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 866 km2 (334 sq mi). The Sariska Tiger Reserve was declared a national park in 1982 with a total area of about 273.8 km2 (105.7 sq mi). The park is situated 107 km (66 mi) from Jaipur and 200 km (120 mi) from Delhi.
The Sariska Tiger Reserve is a part of the Aravalli Range and rich in mineral resources, such as copper. In spite of the Supreme Court’s 1991 ban on mining in the area, marble mining continues to threaten the environment.
Bengal tigers are the main attraction of the reserve and It is the first tiger reserve in the world to have successfully relocated tigers.
In 2004, there were strong and persistent reports that no tigers were being sighted in the reserve. It was not only that tigers were not being seen but also and more alarmingly, there was no indirect evidence of the tigers’ presence. Poaching was blamed for the disappearance of tigers. In order to repopulate Sariska with tigers, tigers were relocated to the reserve.
Apart from the Bengal tiger, the reserve includes many species of wild life, such as the Indian leopard, jungle cat, caracal, striped hyena, Indian jackal, chital, sambhar, nilgai, chinkara, four-horned antelope, wild boar, hare, hanuman langur, rhesus monkeys.
Sasrika is also ethereal for bird watchers with some of the rarest feathered species like grey partridge, white-throated kingfisher, Indian peafowl, bush quail, sandgrouse, treepie, golden-backed woodpecker, crested serpent eagle and the Indian eagle-owl.
Nearby place of Sariska Tiger reserve:
Pandupol Hanumanji Temple– Located in the hills in the centre of the reserve is believed to be one of the retreats of the Pandava. This pilgrimage site causes problems for the wildlife, due to heavy traffic.
Temple of Neelkanth that dates back to the 6th-13th century AD, now in ruins, afford a wonderful sight to the visitors.
Kankwadi Fort– A 16th century fort, originally built by Jai Singh II, located near the centre of the park, where, Emperor Aurangzeb once imprisoned his brother, Dara Shikoh.
Ruins of Bhangarh
Sariska Palace– This palace built by the Maharajas of Alwar, Was used as a royal hunting lodge, has now been converted into a hotel.
How to reach
Air : Jaipur is the nearest airport from Sariska at a distance 107-kms.
Rail : The nearest railway station is at Alwar (37-kms).
Road : Sariska wildlife sanctuary is situated off the Delhi-Alwar-Jaipur Road. Jaipur is located at a distance of 107-kms and Delhi at 200-kms from Sariska. Sariska is well connected with Alwar, which is further directly connected with bus services from Delhi and Jaipur.