Rameswaram is among the holiest place for Hindus and also one of the four Char-Dham of India. It is situated in the Gulf of Mannar on Pamban Island. Pamban channel separate it from mainland of India and Pamban bridge connects it with main land.
Lord Rama, a mythological character of Hindu epic Ramayana made a Shiva Linga at this place. He made that Shiva Linga from beach sand to pray Lord Shiva after wining battle and killing Rawana (Negative character and King of that time Lanka) while rescuing his wife Sita . The Ramanathaswamy Temple of God Shiva is believed to be at the same place where Rama built that Shiv Linga.
In the map, you can observe that Rameswaram is the nearest point to Shri Lanka and one thin line connecting these two country, that is also belived this is the same bridge ( Ram Setu) built by Rama Sena to reach Lanka. Still there are many researches going on this bridge to seek the proof of Ram Setu.
Holy sites around Rameswaram:
The Ramanathaswamy Temple – This temple is one of 12 Jyotirlinga shrines, top most sacred place of God Shiva in the country. The temple’s present structure built in 12th century by Pandyas. The temple known for its longest corridor among all the temples in India. There are beautifully decorated pillars in Nayak style both side of corridor. At different time frame various ruler contributed for the construction and renovation of the temple. Twenty-two holy water tanks (Teertham) lies within the Ramanathaswamy Temple.
There are other holy water tank near by Rameshwaram, among them Villoondi Theertham, Hanuman Theertham, Sugreeva Theertham and Lakshmana Theertham.
Gandhamathan Parvatham– heighest point around 3 km from temple on the island. There is a two storeyed hall, where you can see the foot print of Rama on a chakra.
Dhanushkodi- It is the southern most point of this island about 18km from center of town; it is the point where Lord Rama dip his bow to mark the starting point of bridge construction. And the place also known for surrendere of Vibishana before Rama, as mentioned in Ramayana.
Kothandaramaswamy Temple dedicated to Rama, lies on this extream shore and it was the only structure survived after 1964 cyclone.